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An annual is a plant that grows for an entire year and then dies. The seed usually begins to germinate in late winter or early spring. In the spring and summer, the plant grows and begins to bloom. When fall comes with the frost, the plant dies. The vibrant colors of annuals are a bright spot in any garden or landscape. They come in a variety of different shapes and types to help you achieve your perfect garden look. Below is a list of various annuals to brighten your garden:

Key: W = white, Y = yellow, O = orange, R = red, B = blue, PK = pink, PR = purple, BRN = brown. FS = full sun, HS = half day’s sun, S = sun, MS = morning sun, SHD = shade, E = either.

NAME
COLOR
HEIGHT/
SPACING
WHERE TO
PLANT
COMMENTS
AFRICAN DAISY
W,Y,O
12-15″/10-12″
S
ARGERATUM
B,W
10-12″/10-12″
MS
ALYSSUM
W,PK,PR
4-6″/6-10″
FS
AMARANTHUS
R
2-4’/group or 2′
HS
ASTER
W,PK,B,R
dwarf-10″, tall-2′ 6-10″
HS
BACHELOR’S BUTTON
PK,W,B
18-24″/610″
HS
BALSUM
PK,W
12″/6-10″
SHD
BEGONIA
PK,W,R,O
12″/pot or 6-10″
SHD
BEGONIA HANGER
PK,W,R,O
vine to 3’/ pots
SHD
BELLS OF IRELAND
G
2-2 1/2’/12″
S
BLACK-EYED SUSAN
Y with BRN
vine to 12′
MS
BROWALLIA
B
vine to 10′
MS
CALENDULA
Y, O
12″
S
CALIFORNIA POPPY
PK,Y,O
12″/6-12″
S
CANTERBURY BELLS
PK,W,B,PR
20-30″/2′
HS
CARDINAS CLIMBER
R
vine/12-24″
S
CASTER BEANS
foliage
30″/3′
S
small flower
CELOSIA
R
2-3’/12″
HS
CHINA ASTER
PK,W,B
2’/10-12″
S
CHINESE FORGET-ME-NOT
B
15-18″/6-10″
HS
good cover/bi-annual
CLEOME
PK
4’/2′
S
good background
COCKSCOMB
Y,R,O
18″-2/6-10″
S
bright color
COLEUS
R,Y,O
2’/pots or 6″
SHD
grown for foliage
ENGLISH DAISY
PK,W,R
10″/6-10″
MS
good border
FLOWERING KALE
R,W
18″/6-10″
S
winter flowering
FOUR O’CLOCKS
all but B
2-3’/10″
S
will take over
GASONIA
stripes Y,O,R
10-12″/6-12″
S
mulch, good border
GERANIUM
W,R,O
15″-3’/pot or 2′
indoor in winter
GODITA
mixed
15″/10″
S
good border
ICELAND POPPY
PK,W
15″/6-10″
MS
good border
IMPATIENS
PK,W
2’/6-10″
MS
cut back for blooms
KOCHIA (BURNING BUSH)
R in fall
to 3′
S
good hedge
LANTANA
R,O,Y
to 3′
S
indoor in winter
LOBELIA
W,B
6-10″/6″
SHD
good ground cover
LIVINGSTON DAISY
PK,R
to 18″/6″
HS
border plant
LUPIN BLUE
“Texas Blue Bonnet”
B
12-15″/8″
S
good background
MARGERITE
PK,Y,W,B
15″/6-10″
HS
good color
MARIGOLD, dwarf
Y,O
to 10″/6-10″
S
low maintenance
   ”      med.
Y,O
to 20″/6-10″
S
low maintenance
   ”      large
Y,O
to 3′
S
low maintenance
MORNING GLORY
R,PK,W,B
vine/10″
S
plant for walls
NASTURTIUM
PK,O,Y
to 15″/10″
E
good border
NICOTIANA
PK,B
2’/12″
HS
related to tobacco
PANSY
all
to 12″/6-10″
MS
good border
PEPPER ORNAMENTAL
R,O fruit
12″/6″ pot
S
best in pots
PETUNIA
all
to 15″
S
good color
   ”  hanging
all
vine to 2’/10″
S
best potted, or walls
PHLOX, twinkle
PK,W,O,B
6″/10″
S
good border
PINCUSHION
PK,R,W,B
30″/12″
S-HS
good background
POPPY
O,Y
18″/12″
S
lots of color
PORTULACA
“Moss Rose”
Y,PK,W,R
6″/10″
S
good in poor soil
PRIMROSE
mixed
to 10″/6″
MS
good in shade also
SALVIA
R,W,B
to 18″/6″
SHD
good border
SCARLET RUNNER
R
vine/12″
S
good on fences
SNAPDRAGONS dwarf
R,W,PK,B,PR
4-6″/10″
S
bi-annual
    ”       stndrd
R,W,PK,B,PR
to 3’/10″
S
bi-annual
STOCK  dwarf
all but Y
to 12″/12″
S
bi-annual
  ”    giant
all but Y
to 30″/12″
S
bi-annual
STRAWFLOWERS
PK,Y,W
6-20″/10″
S
good dried
SUNFLOWERS
Y with BRN
to 8’/3′
S
good for seed
SWEET PEA
PK,W,B
12-14″/10″
S
aromatic, vine-type
SWEET WILLIAM
PK,R,W
to 15″/10″
E
color all summer
VERBENA
all but Y
12″/12″
S
annual type
VINCA
PK, W mix
6-10″/12″
MS or SHD
color all summer
VIOLA
all
4-8″/10″
MS
good ground cover
ZINNIA dwarf
all
4-6″/10″
S
low maintenance
  ”    large
all
to 30″/10″
S
low maintenance

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