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An annual is a plant that grows for an entire year and then dies. The seed usually begins to germinate in late winter or early spring. In the spring and summer, the plant grows and begins to bloom. When fall comes with the frost, the plant dies. The vibrant colors of annuals are a bright spot in any garden or landscape. They come in a variety of different shapes and types to help you achieve your perfect garden look. Below is a list of various annuals to brighten your garden:

Key: W = white, Y = yellow, O = orange, R = red, B = blue, PK = pink, PR = purple, BRN = brown. FS = full sun, HS = half day’s sun, S = sun, MS = morning sun, SHD = shade, E = either.

NAME COLOR HEIGHT/
SPACING
WHERE TO
PLANT
COMMENTS
AFRICAN DAISY W,Y,O 12-15″/10-12″ S
ARGERATUM B,W 10-12″/10-12″ MS
ALYSSUM W,PK,PR 4-6″/6-10″ FS
AMARANTHUS R 2-4’/group or 2′ HS
ASTER W,PK,B,R dwarf-10″, tall-2′ 6-10″ HS
BACHELOR’S BUTTON PK,W,B 18-24″/610″ HS
BALSUM PK,W 12″/6-10″ SHD
BEGONIA PK,W,R,O 12″/pot or 6-10″ SHD
BEGONIA HANGER PK,W,R,O vine to 3’/ pots SHD
BELLS OF IRELAND G 2-2 1/2’/12″ S
BLACK-EYED SUSAN Y with BRN vine to 12′ MS
BROWALLIA B vine to 10′ MS
CALENDULA Y, O 12″ S
CALIFORNIA POPPY PK,Y,O 12″/6-12″ S
CANTERBURY BELLS PK,W,B,PR 20-30″/2′ HS
CARDINAS CLIMBER R vine/12-24″ S
CASTER BEANS foliage 30″/3′ S small flower
CELOSIA R 2-3’/12″ HS
CHINA ASTER PK,W,B 2’/10-12″ S
CHINESE FORGET-ME-NOT B 15-18″/6-10″ HS good cover/bi-annual
CLEOME PK 4’/2′ S good background
COCKSCOMB Y,R,O 18″-2/6-10″ S bright color
COLEUS R,Y,O 2’/pots or 6″ SHD grown for foliage
ENGLISH DAISY PK,W,R 10″/6-10″ MS good border
FLOWERING KALE R,W 18″/6-10″ S winter flowering
FOUR O’CLOCKS all but B 2-3’/10″ S will take over
GASONIA stripes Y,O,R 10-12″/6-12″ S mulch, good border
GERANIUM W,R,O 15″-3’/pot or 2′ indoor in winter
GODITA mixed 15″/10″ S good border
ICELAND POPPY PK,W 15″/6-10″ MS good border
IMPATIENS PK,W 2’/6-10″ MS cut back for blooms
KOCHIA (BURNING BUSH) R in fall to 3′ S good hedge
LANTANA R,O,Y to 3′ S indoor in winter
LOBELIA W,B 6-10″/6″ SHD good ground cover
LIVINGSTON DAISY PK,R to 18″/6″ HS border plant
LUPIN BLUE
“Texas Blue Bonnet”
B 12-15″/8″ S good background
MARGERITE PK,Y,W,B 15″/6-10″ HS good color
MARIGOLD, dwarf Y,O to 10″/6-10″ S low maintenance
   ”      med. Y,O to 20″/6-10″ S low maintenance
   ”      large Y,O to 3′ S low maintenance
MORNING GLORY R,PK,W,B vine/10″ S plant for walls
NASTURTIUM PK,O,Y to 15″/10″ E good border
NICOTIANA PK,B 2’/12″ HS related to tobacco
PANSY all to 12″/6-10″ MS good border
PEPPER ORNAMENTAL R,O fruit 12″/6″ pot S best in pots
PETUNIA all to 15″ S good color
   ”  hanging all vine to 2’/10″ S best potted, or walls
PHLOX, twinkle PK,W,O,B 6″/10″ S good border
PINCUSHION PK,R,W,B 30″/12″ S-HS good background
POPPY O,Y 18″/12″ S lots of color
PORTULACA
“Moss Rose”
Y,PK,W,R 6″/10″ S good in poor soil
PRIMROSE mixed to 10″/6″ MS good in shade also
SALVIA R,W,B to 18″/6″ SHD good border
SCARLET RUNNER R vine/12″ S good on fences
SNAPDRAGONS dwarf R,W,PK,B,PR 4-6″/10″ S bi-annual
    ”       stndrd R,W,PK,B,PR to 3’/10″ S bi-annual
STOCK  dwarf all but Y to 12″/12″ S bi-annual
  ”    giant all but Y to 30″/12″ S bi-annual
STRAWFLOWERS PK,Y,W 6-20″/10″ S good dried
SUNFLOWERS Y with BRN to 8’/3′ S good for seed
SWEET PEA PK,W,B 12-14″/10″ S aromatic, vine-type
SWEET WILLIAM PK,R,W to 15″/10″ E color all summer
VERBENA all but Y 12″/12″ S annual type
VINCA PK, W mix 6-10″/12″ MS or SHD color all summer
VIOLA all 4-8″/10″ MS good ground cover
ZINNIA dwarf all 4-6″/10″ S low maintenance
  ”    large all to 30″/10″ S low maintenance

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